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No one wants to think about a nuclear crisis - and hopefully it will never happen - but we as a nation must accept the fact nuclear tensions are rising globally (plus Al-Qaeda and others are seeking nukes) so we should prepare ourselves and our loved ones in the event the unthinkable strikes our soil.
For decades, movies and some in the media have portrayed a nuclear attack as a "doomsday" event implying most people would be killed on impact ... and survivors would want to die once they come out of their shelters. In reality, unless you are actually at ground zero or within a several mile radius of the blast zone (depending on the size of the nuke, of course), there is a very high probability you'll survive as long as you limit your exposure to radiation, take shelter with proper shielding, and wait for the most dangerous radioactive materials to decay.
In other words, you CAN survive a nuke attack ... but you MUST make an effort to learn what to do! By learning about potential threats, we are all better prepared to know how to react if something happens.
Both the initial nuclear radiation and residual nuclear radiation (also called radioactive fallout) are extremely dangerous. But as the materials decay or spread out radiation levels will drop.
Types of radiation - Nuclear radiation has 3 main types of radiation…
Radiation detection devices - You can't see, smell, taste or feel radiation, but special instruments can detect even the smallest levels of radiation. Since it may take days or weeks before First Responders could get to you, consider having these devices handy during a crisis or attack since they could save your life.
Reduce exposure - Protect yourself from radioactive fallout with ...
The "seven-ten" rule - For every sevenfold increase in time after the initial blast, there is a tenfold decrease in the radiation rate. For example, a 500 rad level (5 sievert or Sv) can drop to 50R (0.5 Sv) in 7 hours and down to 5R (0.05 Sv) after 2 days (49 hours). In other words, if you have shelter with good shielding and stay put for even just 7 hours ... you've really increased your chances of survival. Your detection devices, emergency radio or cell phone [if the last 2 are working, that is] can assist you in knowing when it’s safe to come out.
Indoor shelter locations - If you don't have a fallout shelter, these options could provide protection from dangerous radiation by using proper shielding materials.
Indoor shelter shielding - Some very basic ways to build an expedient last-minute shelter in your home, apartment or workplace to help protect you from dangerous radiation include...
EMP - A nuke causes an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) that could disrupt or crash systems so you may not have access to TV or radio, phones, the Internet, ATMs, vehicles and other devices. It could also impact response efforts, electrical and water systems, food distribution, transportation and more.
In summary, those within the blast zone of Ground Zero (depending on the size of the nuke) won’t make it .. BUT .. if you are a few miles outside the zone your chances of surviving it are high but you MUST have detection devices to monitor levels of radiation and a plan to stay sheltered for at least 48 hours or up to a few weeks. First Responders will have to wait for the deadly fallout to decay before they enter a hot zone so the more you prepare, the better your odds of surviving a terrorist nuke.
Please realize these are some very basic tips on sheltering for any type of nuclear (or radiological) incident. Above is a snippet from the Terrorism topic in IT'S A DISASTER! book (proceeds benefit USFRA)
Also - read more about Dirty bombs
Since nuke preparedness is a topic in several media outlets today .. please use & share these tips with your local communities. This isn't anything new but is practical and useful in the event of a small nuclear device. The more people realize there are some basic things we can do to protect ourselves from the radioactive fallout .. the better off we'll be as a nation.