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KID FIRE SAFETY
KID FIRE SAFETY ACTIVITIES
Lesson Plans: Smoke Alarms
- Identify the purpose of smoke alarms.
- Identify where smoke alarms should be installed.
- Identify how to keep smoke alarms in working order.
Materials: Smoke alarm, batteries
- Ask students if they know what smoke alarms are and why they should have them in their homes.
- Smoke alarms help protect families by making a very loud beeping noise to warn that smoke is in the air or a fire has started.
- Sometimes, especially at night when people are sleeping, they may not see fire, smell smoke or wake up in time to get out safely.
- Smoke alarms provide an early warning signal for escape from fire.
- Demonstrate what a smoke alarm looks like and the sound it makes when it detects smoke.
- Ask students what they should do if they hear a smoke alarm sound.
- They need to follow their home fire escape plan and get out fast.
- Ask students if they know where smoke alarms should be installed.
- Smoke alarms should be installed on every level of the home, including the basement.
- For extra safety, install smoke alarms both inside and outside the sleeping area.
- Smoke alarms should be installed on the ceiling or on the side walls 6 to 8 inches below the ceiling.
- Ask students how often they think the batteries in smoke alarms should be changed.
- Batteries should be changed at least once a year and tested monthly to make sure they are working.
- Show students where the batteries go in a smoke alarm.
- Press the test button to demonstrate it is working properly. Also, remind students that alarms need to be kept clean from dust. This can be done by running a vacuum cleaner attachment over and around them.
- Conclude the lesson by telling students they can keep their homes safe from fire by helping grown-ups remember to:
- put smoke alarms in the home, especially near bedrooms
- test smoke alarms monthly to make sure they are working
- replace with brand new batteries at least once a year
- keep smoke alarms clean from dust
Smoke Alarm Safety Check for Parents
Smoke alarms are very easy to install and take care of. To help teach your children about smoke alarms, ask them to help you install and maintain them.
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, including the basement.
- Many fatal fires begin late at night or in the early morning. For extra safety, install smoke alarms both inside and outside the sleeping area.
- Also, smoke alarms should be installed on the ceiling or 6 to 8 inches below the ceiling on side walls. Since smoke and many deadly gases rise, installing your smoke alarms at the proper level will provide you with the earliest warning possible.
- Always follow the manufacturer's installation instructions.
- Each month, ask your child to help you test all of the alarms in the home. This would also be a good time to make sure your alarms are clean and free of dust.
- Ask your child to pick at least one special day a year, like a birthday, holiday or other special event. Designate that day as "Smoke Alarm Safety Day" and replace all of the batteries in your smoke alarms with new ones. If your home has "hard-wired" alarms (connected to the household electrical system), they may or may not have battery back-up.
IABPFF No Child Left Alone Campaign
Campaign targets parents and caregivers of African-American and Spanish-speaking children
The International Association of Black Professional Fire Fighters (IABPFF)has launched the No Child Left Alone fire safety and awareness campaign. The campaign focuses on informing parents and caregivers of children about the perils of leaving children alone at home, as well as providing life-saving information to make their children “fire-safe.” According to reports from the U.S. Fire Administration and the National Fire Protection Association, African-American children comprise a large and disproportionate share of total fire deaths nationwide.
IABPFF No Child Left Alone Video
NO CHILD LEFT ALONE Fire Safety Curriculum
Lesson Plan (Ages 4-8 years old)
Fire Fighters Are Your Friends
Fire Safety Discussion Points
Use the following fire safety and prevention information to lead discussions.
Control Kids' Access to Fire
- Keep all matches and lighters out of the hands of children. If possible, keep these sources of fire in locked drawers. Consider buying only "child-proof" lighters -- but be aware that no product is completely child-proof.
- Children as young as two years old can strike matches and start fires.
- Never leave children unattended near operating stoves or burning candles, even for a short time.
- Teach children not to pick up matches or lighters they may find. Instead, they should tell an adult immediately.
Fire Safety at Home
- Smoke alarms should be installed on every level of the home, especially near sleeping areas.
- Smoke alarms should be kept clean of dust by regularly vacuuming over and around them.
- Replace batteries in smoke alarms at least once a year. And replace the entire unit after ten years of service, or as the manufacturer recommends.
- Families should plan and practice two escape routes from each room of their home.
- Regularly inspect the home for fire hazards.
- If there are adults in the home who smoke, they should use heavy safety ashtrays and discard ashes and butts in metal, sealed containers or the toilet.
- If there is a fireplace in the home, the entire opening should be covered by a heavy safety screen. The chimney should be professionally inspected and cleaned annually.
- Children should cook only under the supervision of an adult or with their permission.
- Children should never play with electrical cords or electrical sockets. They should ask adults for help plugging in equipment.
- Children should stay away from radiators and heaters, and they should be taught that these devices are not toys. Young children in particular must be taught not to play with or drop anything into space heaters. Nothing should be placed or stored on top of a heater.
- Pots on stovetops should always have their handles turned toward the center of the stove, where children cannot reach up and pull or knock them off.
- Teach children to turn off lights, stereos, TVs, and other electrical equipment when they are finished using them. In the case of room heaters, children should ask an adult to turn it off when the room will be empty.
- Children should never touch matches, lighters, or candles. If they find matches or lighters within reach, they should ask an adult to move them
- No one should stand too close to a fireplace or wood stove or other types of heaters, where clothes could easily catch fire.
- Evidence of fire play, such as burnt matches, clothes, paper, toys, etc., or if you smell smoke in hair or clothes.
- Inappropriate interest in firefighters and/or fire trucks, such as frequent, improper calls to the fire department or 9-1-1.
- Child asks or tries to light cigarettes or candles for you or other adults.
- Matches or lighters in their pockets or rooms.
- Talk to your child or students in a calm, assured manner about fire safety.
- Consider visiting a fire station if children are very interested in firefighting and/or fire trucks or ask a firefighter to visit your classroom. Have the firefighter talk about his/her job and the dangers of fire.
- For parents: Create opportunities for learning about fire safety at home. For example, when you cook, let your child get the pot holder for you; when you use the fireplace, let your child bring you the wood or tools; if you use candles, let the child check to make sure the candle holder fits snugly; and when you change or test the batteries in your smoke alarms, ask the child to help you.
What to Do if You Suspect Your Student/Child Is Playing with Fire?
- Talk to the child about his or her actions. Explain again that fire is a tool for use only by adults, and that it is very dangerous for children.
- Many schools, fire departments and law enforcement agencies have programs for children who are inappropriately interested in fire or who have set fires.
Think! Road Safety Education Materials http://think.direct.gov.uk/resource-centre/
The resource centre is a one stop source of THINK! road safety education materials.
- There are 25 lesson packs that will help you teach a range of road safety topics to children and teenagers of all ages.
- The lesson packs are colour coded by key stage and age range, from early years to key stage 4.
- Each lesson pack contains a lesson plan, links to road safety teaching resources, and activities; everything you need to plan and deliver effective road safety education.
- These resources are not limited to classroom use and we hope that they will be used by anyone with responsibility for educating children and teenagers on road safety, including road safety officers, police and fire officers, out of school leaders, and parents.
If you’re a pupil, you could help your friends and classmates stay safe on the road by using our information and activities in an assembly, tutor time or at a youth group.